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Thread: Poker Terms Glossary

  1. #1
    The race is back! John's Avatar
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    Poker Terms Glossary

    action
    betting activity

    advertise
    to give an impression of being a loose bettor, hoping to get other players to take one's bets less seriously later in the session

    all-in
    in a table stakes game, a player who puts all his or her remaining chips in the pot is "all-in" and cannot be driven out of the competition for the main pot by further raises (bets above the amount the all-in player puts in form a side pot that only the other players are eligible to win)

    ante
    a bet that all players must put into the pot before a hand; or to make such a bet

    back door
    in games (such as Hold 'em) in which the last two cards are dealt separately, a method of making a good hand by using both those cards

    back into
    to make an unexpectedly good hand different from the hand one was drawing for

    bankroll
    the amount of money a player brings to use in a game

    bet
    to wager money by putting it into the pot, which other players must at least match to stay in the game; or the amount of money so wagered

    bicycle
    another name for a wheel

    big bet
    in games with betting limits, the larger of the allowable bets, usually reserved for later rounds

    big blind
    the larger of two blind bets in Hold 'em, or the player making such a bet

    blind (or blind bet)
    a bet a player makes before looking at his or her cards; similar to an ante except that not all players make the bet, though they must at least match it to stay in

    bluff
    to bet with a poor hand in the hopes that the other player or players will fold rather than call

    board
    in Hold 'em or other flop games, the community cards; or the up cards in stud poker

    boat
    another name for a full house

    bottom pair
    in Hold 'em, a pair consisting of a down card and the lowest of the three flop cards

    bullet
    another name for an ace

    bump
    another word for raise, as in "I'll bump you 10."

    burn
    the discard of a card from the top of the deck before a deal or at particular times during the hand, helping to insure the honesty of the deal; in Hold 'em, a card is typically burned before the flop, turn, and river cards are dealt

    busted hand
    a hand with nothing, typically one in which a player drew for a straight or flush and failed to even get a pair

    button
    a marker used to mark the dealer position, or the position of the player who acts last in a round of betting if, for example, there is a nonplaying house dealer

    buy a pot
    to make a large bet, usually early in a hand, in hopes of driving all the other players out

    buy-in
    the amount of money or chips a player brings to a game, or that is required to enter a tournament

    call
    to make a bet equal to the current bet, thereby staying in the hand (compare raise, fold)

    cap
    the maximum number of raises allowed in a round of betting, as determined by player agreement

    case
    the fourth (and final) card of a rank; "the case ten"

    check
    in effect, a bet of zero; an action taken by a player who does not wish to bet or fold, and who does not need to call because no one else has bet in the round. Sometimes a checking player will say "pass" to mean "check."

    check-raise
    a check followed by a raise by the same player in the same round of betting, sometimes prohibited in social games

    chip
    a round disc commonly used as a substitute for money during a game, with different colors being used to represent different denominations; a player normally buys into a game by exchanging cash for a chips, and cashes out by selling chips back (if the player has any left) at the end of the game

    community cards
    in certain forms of poker, cards that are dealt faceup and may be used by all the players as part of their hand; in Hold 'em, the last five cards are all community cards, and each player makes the best five-card hand possible from those five cards and his or her two hole cards

    cowboy
    another name for a king

    cut
    after a shuffle, the division of a deck into two stacks and placement of the stack that had been on the bottom on top; all cards remain facedown throughout the cut

    deal
    to give out cards to the players, as well as to turn over any community cards

    deal me in
    a phrase indicating that a player will play the next hand

    deal me out
    a phrase indicating that a player will not play the next hand

    dealer's choice
    a common form of poker in home games in which the dealer chooses the form of poker to play (including naming of any wild cards) each hand

    declare
    to indicate what one is attempting to win, as a decision of whether to "go high," "go low," or "go both ways" in a game of high low; declarations in a high-low are usually made simultaneously by each player taking two chips below the table and bringing up a closed fist containing zero (for low), one (for high), or two chips (both ways).

    deuce
    another name for a two

    discard
    to remove one or more cards from one's hand and place them facedown out of play, usually before drawing new cards to take their place

    draw
    to take one or more cards, usually after making a discard; any of several forms of poker in which players discard cards and take new ones, as distinguished from flop games and stud games; see five-card draw, jacks or better

    draw to (a particular kind of hand)
    draw in an attempt to make a certain hand, e.g., "drawing to a straight"

    drop
    another word for fold

    equity
    the expected value of a pot to a player; the product of the amount of money in the pot and the chance the player will win the hand

    favorite
    the hand most likely to win at a given point in a hand

    five-card draw
    the form of poker most often seen in movies and TV shows; each player receives five cards, then discards some or all of them and receives replacement cards from the deck (or the player may stand pat); rounds of betting occur before and after the draw. In some circles, a player is limited to discarding up to three cards, or four cards when retaining an ace or wild card. See jacks or better (a common version of five-card draw) and lowball (a variation where low hand wins)

    five-card stud
    a form of stud poker in which each player is dealt one hole card (facedown) followed by four up cards, with a round of betting after each up card.

    flop
    in Hold 'em, the three community cards that are dealt at once; also, any of several forms of poker played with community cards, as distinguished from draw games and stud games

    flush
    a hand in which all five cards share the same suit

    fold
    to drop from a hand (instead of calling)

    forced bet
    a bet that a player is required to make, such as a blind bet

    fourflush
    a hand with four cards of the same suit; normally worthless unless it can be improved to a flush, a fourflush has occasionally been ranked just above a pair by players following nonstandard rules

    four of a kind
    four cards of the same rank

    free card
    a card players need not pay to see, as when everyone checks in a round of bidding

    full house
    a hand consisting of three of a kind and a pair; in comparing full houses, the ranks of the threes of a kind are compared first, the pairs only being relevant if the threes of a kind are identical (i.e., in a game with wild cards or community cards)

    gutshot
    drawing to an inside straight, i.e., attempting to complete a straight when missing a card inside a sequence of held cards

    hand
    a deal and its play; also, the cards held by a particular player, or the best type of hand (pair, straight, etc.) a player can make with his or her cards

    heads-up
    playing with only two players

    high
    best in rank, said of a hand, a card, or a set of up cards; e.g., "a king-high straight"; or in a stud game "ace-jack is high" (and is therefore first to bet)

    high-low
    a game, such as seven-card stud high-low, in which the pot is split between the highest hand and the lowest hand, and in which each player must declare, prior to the final round of betting, whether he or she is trying to win as the high hand, the low hand, or both (in which case the player must, in most games, win both ways to win at all). In some games, straights (such as a wheel) and flushes are allowed to count as low hands (i.e., in going low, they are better than a pair).

    hit
    to make or improve a hand by getting a favorable draw or flop; opposite of miss

    Hold 'em (or Texas Hold 'em)
    a popular form of poker, and the one played at Yahoo! and many poker tournaments. Each player is dealt two pocket cards, then three community cards are turned faceup ("the flop"), then a fourth community card (the "turn card" or "fourth street") and finally a fifth community card (the "river card" or "fifth street"), with rounds of betting after the pocket cards, the flop, and each of the last two cards, as well as two blind bets at the start (instead of antes)

    hole
    the initial down card or pair of down cards in a stud game

    house
    the establishment where poker is played, which usually takes a cut, or "rake," from the pot and which determines house rules

    inside straight
    a kind of draw in which a player attempts to complete a straight missing one of the cards in the middle of a sequence, and which therefore has only half the chance of success of drawing to a straight open at both ends

    insurance
    a side bet to protect against a particular outcome, usually an outcome that is relatively unlikely

    Jacks or better
    a form of five-card draw in which a player must Hold at least a pair of jacks to open the betting; if no one can open, players ante again, the deal rotates, and in many circles the opening requirements rotate to queens or better, followed by kings, aces, and back to jacks

    joker
    an extra card, two of which come with most standard decks of playing cards, sometimes used as a wild card

    kicker
    in a hand consisting of a pair, two pair, three of a kind, or four of a kind, the highest unpaired card; if players tie with identical pairs, trips, or quads, their kickers are compared to break the tie

    large bet
    another name for a big bet

    limit
    the maximum amount or fixed amount that may be bet or raised in a given round in a game; or, in general, any poker game in which there are limits, as distinguished from no-limit games. Some limits are "spread limits," which set minimum and maximum bets and raises instead of fixed amounts. See pot limit; no limit; table stakes.

    live card
    a card that has not been seen and which therefore still has a chance of being drawn or dealt

    live hand
    a hand still in the game

    lock
    a hand guaranteed to win at least a share of the pot

    loose
    an unconservative style of play in which a player stays in more and folds less often; compare tight

    low
    ranking below other hands, as is desirable in some games such as lowball and high-low seven-card stud; in some games, straights and flushes are allowed to count as low hands (i.e., worse than a pair), making a wheel the best possible low; a hand described as an "8 low" has an 8 as its highest card, with no pairs

    lowball
    five-card draw in which the low hand wins the pot

    main pot
    in a table stakes game, the portion of the pot matched by a player who goesall-in, as distinguished from the side pot--bets the all-in player could not match--which the all-in player is not eligible to win

    make
    to draw to or be dealt a good hand; e.g., "the player drew one card to a flush and made it"

    middle pair
    in Hold 'em, a pair consisting of a down card and the middle ranking of the three flop cards

    miss
    fail to hit

    no-limit game
    a game in which no limit is placed on the amount that may be bet or raised; usually, however, a player is limited to money brought to the table (see table stakes)

    nuts
    another word for a lock

    odds
    a ratio expressing the likelihood of an outcome; e.g., "the odds were 4 to 1 against making the flush" means there was 1 chance in 5 of making it; see also pot odds

    open
    to make the first bet in a round

    open-ended straight
    a kind of draw in which a player attempts to complete a straight by drawing a card at either end of a four-card sequence, and which therefore has twice the chance of success of drawing to an inside straight

    out
    a card that is likely to make a hand a winner

    overcard
    in Hold 'em, a card of higher rank than the highest card on the board

    overpair
    in Hold 'em, a pocket pair higher than the highest card on the board.

    pair
    two cards of the same rank

    pass
    another word for fold; sometimes used to mean "check"

    pat
    in a draw game, a hand to which no cards are drawn

    pig
    in high-low poker, a player who declares both ways

    playing a hand
    staying in at least part way through a hand (instead of folding as soon as someone bets)

    playing the board
    in Hold 'em, staying in even though one's pocket cards are useless and one's best hand consists of the community cards

    pocket cards
    the two cards dealt facedown in Hold 'em, or the two hole cards dealt first in seven-card stud;

    pocket pair
    two pocket cards of the same rank

    pocket rockets
    a pair of aces in the pocket

    poker
    a large family of related card games normally played for stakes either in homes, casinos, or at Yahoo!, in which players attempt to form the best five-card hand; standard types of hands (full house, straight, pair, etc.) have relative rankings that are universally recognized, although the object of a poker game may be either to have the highest-ranking hand or the lowest-ranking. See draw, flop, and stud for three main categories of poker games.

    position
    a player's place at the table in relation to the order of betting; players "have position" on players who bet before them

    position bet
    a bet made at least in part because of one's position; e.g., if everyone before the dealer checks and the dealer bets, the dealer may be trying to steal the pot by taking advantage of his or her position

    pot
    the money (usually represented by chips) that goes to the winner or winners of a hand

    pot-limit
    a game in which bets and raises are limited to the current size of the pot

    pot odds
    the ratio of the amount of money in the pot to the amount of money a player must bet to call

    quads
    another word for four of a kind.

    qualifier
    in some high-low split games, a minimum requirement that a hand (usually the low hand) must meet to be eligible to win part of the pot (such as an 8 low or better).

    rack
    a device that holds poker chips

    raise
    to increase the size of a bet during a round of betting

    rake
    a cut taken by the house, most often by removing money from each pot or by charging an hourly rate to play

    rank
    a card's number or name; "ace," "two," "three," etc. are ranks

    read
    to understand how an opponent plays and thereby gain insight into what cards the opponent holds

    represent
    to bet as though one has a particular type of hand, whether or not it's true

    re-raise
    a raise that comes after another raise in the same round of betting

    river card
    the fifth and final community card dealt in Hold 'em or other flop games; also called "fifth street"

    round
    a series of actions by all the players in a game, beginning with a check or bet and ending when everyone has either called or folded; or a series of hands in which each player deals once

    royal flush
    an ace-high straight flush, the highest possible poker hand (unless wild cards are used, in which case five of a kind is higher)

    sandbag
    to bet a strong hand as though holding a weak hand, in hopes of encouraging other players to stay in and win a larger pot; slowplay

    semi-bluff
    a bluff made with some chance of winning the hand in a showdown

    set
    three of a kind, two of which are hidden in the hole

    seven-card stud
    a form of stud poker in which each player is dealt two hole cards (facedown) followed by four up cards, followed by a down card, with a round of betting after each up card and after the final card.

    showdown
    after the final round of betting, a comparison of the hands of the players still in the game to see who wins the pot

    shuffle
    to mix the cards before a deal

    slowplay
    another word for sandbag

    small bet
    in games with betting limits, the smaller of the allowable bets, usually reserved for later rounds

    small blind
    the smaller of two blind bets in Hold 'em, or the player making such a bet

    split pot
    a pot divided between two or more players, either because their hands tie or because of playing a high-low or other split-pot game

    stack
    a pile of chips or money

    steal a pot
    to win a pot by making a bet when everyone else has shown weakness, and which succeeds in driving everyone else out of the hand

    straight
    five cards of consecutive rank, with aces counting as either high or low

    straight flush
    five cards of consecutive ranks, all of the same suit

    street
    in Hold 'em, "fourth street" is the fourth community card and "fifth street" is the final community card; in seven-card stud, the first up card is called "third street," the next up card "fourth street," and so on

    structure
    the set of rules governing antes, blinds, and the betting limits in a game

    stud
    a form of poker with most cards dealt faceup one at a time and rounds of betting after each up card, as distinguished from draw games and flop games; see five-card stud and seven-card stud (the most common forms)

    suit
    the symbols on a card (clubs, diamonds, hearts, or spades)

    table
    the surface on which a game is played, or the group of players playing there; also used like "board" to refer to community cards

    table stakes
    the rule that limits a player's bets to the money he or she brings to the table

    Texas Hold 'em
    another name for Hold 'em

    three of a kind
    three cards of the same rank

    tight
    a conservative style of play in which a player stays in less and folds more often; compare loose

    top pair
    in Hold 'em, a pair consisting of a down card and the top ranking of the three flop cards

    trips
    another word for three of a kind.

    trey
    another word for a three

    turn card
    the fourth community card dealt in Hold 'em or other flop games; also called fourth street

    two pair
    a hand consisting of two cards of one rank, two cards of another rank, and a fifth card of still another rank

    under the gun
    a term used to describe the position of the first player whose turn it is to bet after the blind(s)

    up
    when used after the name of a card rank, "up" indicates a holding of two pair, the higher ranking of which was just named; e.g., "aces up" means a pair of aces and another pair

    up card
    a card that is dealt faceup in a stud game

    wheel (also called bicycle or bicycle wheel)
    a hand consisting of A2345, the lowest possible straight; in some games played for low, the best possible hand

    wild card
    a card that can be used to stand for any other card; in a game with wild cards, five of a kind outranks a straight flush

  2. #2
    Yoffy lifts a finger... fluff's Avatar
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    I know nothing about poker, so I'll be printing this out.
    Thanks John
    "That's Numberwang!"

  3. #3
    Soccer Kicks Balls cali's Avatar
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    I am SO going to start using Poler Talk in everyday life

    "Yeah, he really backed into that one"

    "She had three kids?" "Yep, she had trips"

    Hmmm, Ok... maybe not

    But this ia a cool thread.
    "Rice is great when you're hungry and want 2,000 of something' -- Mitch Hedberg

  4. #4
    Yoffy lifts a finger... fluff's Avatar
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    trey
    another word for a three
    I think I might adopt this term

    Will Smith calls his son Willard Trey because he's the third generation of Willard Smith's.
    "That's Numberwang!"

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