Couple general questions I've wondered about for anyone who might know the answers. 1/ I understand that contestants are prohibited from bringing laptops, cell phones, GPS units etc. Are they given lists of things they are required to bring, like warm and cold weather clothing, shoes for running and hiking, swimsuits, etc? Obviously it would be an advantage to travel as light as possible, but if you didn't have what you needed when you needed it you'd have to spend precious money buying it after you spent precious time finding it (like the guys last season who somehow lost their only shoes and had to go shopping). 2/ Are contestants required to carry all their stuff with them throughout the race, or does the show transport excess baggage directly from pit stop to pit stop (I've read conflicting reports about this)? 3/ Are packs required to be carry-on size, or is that just good strategy? I don't recall ever seeing anyone checking bags or picking them up at a carousel (or having an airline lose them). But if the show doesn't transport excess baggage separately, putting everything for a month in a carry-on means no nail clippers, no scissors, no Swiss Army knives, no aerosols, tiny containers of toiletries, etc. 4/ What determines the length of a penalty, and do contestants know it in advance? 30-minute penalties are assessed pretty frequently for errors, but if I recall a few seasons ago Romber lost four hours for failing to complete an eating challenge. It surprised me (though not too much) last season that nobody refused to prance through the streets in his/her underwear. Maybe for some complex tasks taking the penalty might not put a team too far behind or might even be an advantage (like the hay-unrolling thing). What are the consequences if a team says "I can't/won't do that; start the clock," and does the team know the consequences in advance? 5/ Roadblocks are intended to be performed by one person. Suppose one partner agrees to do the task, and then for whatever reason wants to change his mind (maybe a physical task that he just can't do, or a fear of heights, or eating weird stuff). Can the other person do the roadblock (starting from scratch, which would itself put the team behind), or would the team be penalized for failing to complete the task?